Scientific Name: Arenga pinnata

Bahasa Indonesian: Enau

Batak: Borta

Basic Information:

Arenga pinnata (syn. Arenga saccharifera) is an economically important feather palm native to tropical Asia, from eastern India east to Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines in the east.[1] Common names include sugar palm, areng palm (also aren palm or arengga palm), black sugar palm, and kaong palm, among other names.[2][3]

It is a medium-sized palm, growing to 20 m tall, with the trunk remaining covered by the rough old leaf bases. The leaves are 6–12 m long and 1.5 m broad, pinnate, with the pinnae in 1–6 rows, 40–70 cm long and 5 cm broad. The fruit is subglobose, 7 cm diameter, green maturing black.[4]

It is not a threatened species, though it is locally rare in some parts of its range. It serves as an important part of the diet of several endangered species, including cloud rats of the genus Phloeomys.

The sap is harvested for commercial use in southeast Asia, yielding a sugar known in India as gur or in Indonesia as gula aren. The sap is collected and made as lahang, a traditional cold sweet drink, and is also fermented into vinegar (Filipino sukang kaong) and palm wine (Filipino tubâ, Malaysian and Indonesian tuak).[3][5][6]

Edmund Roberts talks about drinking an alcoholic beverage made in the Cavite area. He described it as a “fermented” and “intoxicating liquor”. He said that it was “the pith furnished with sugar – when the liquor was properly boiled down, a farina…and of the inside of its triangular-shaped fruit a sweetbread was made.”[7]

Sugar (jaggery) is also commonly derived from the fresh sap in Indonesia and the Philippines. These are traditionally prevented from fermenting by placing crushed chili or ginger in the collecting container. The sap is boiled until it reduces to a thick syrup which is then dried into a brown sugar. Similar sugar extraction methods are also traditionally used for other sugar palms, like the buri palm (Corypha elata).[3]

The raw juice and pulp are caustic. This crop may develop into a major resource of biofuel (ethanol)[citation needed].

Health Benefit :

Benefits of palm trees or palm trees are as follows:
  • Fruit (called beluluk or kolang forth) can make a delicious sweets or mixed compote.
  • Fibers made brooms, ropes to tie the buffalo, mat, roof and paint brush, and can be used also as a roof.
  • Bone leaves a broom stick, and made senik (which put a pot or cauldron)

Not only that, the palm also have efficacy for the treatment of some diseases. Include the following:

1. Fever
Prepare 1 cup of warm water and 1 piece of palm sugar. Furthermore, the two materials are mixed and stirred until uniform. You can use this recipe with regular drinking.

2. Stomach pain
Prepare 1 cup of warm water, 1 piece of palm sugar, and acids that have been cooked sufficiently. Furthermore, all these ingredients are mixed and stirred until uniform, then filtered to take water. You can use this recipe with regular drinking.

3. Difficult Defecation
Prepare 1 cup of warm water and 1 piece of palm sugar. Next, mix and stir until evenly distributed. You can use this recipe with regular drinking.


Sugar made from palm sap is not known for certain chemical ingredients in dalammnya, because until now has not done the scientific research. But the efficacy of traditional medicine practices, palm sugar is often the primary choice.