Mango

Mango

Scientific Name: Mangifera Indica

Bahasa Indonesian: Mangga

Batak: Mangga

Basic Information: Mangoes are juicy stone fruit (drupe), cultivated mostly for their edible fruit. They have a skin that ranges in color from yellow to green to red-green depending on the varietz. The majority of these species are found in nature as wild mangoes. The genus belongs to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae). The mango tree is an evergreen tree branching with a thick trunk and a broad, rounded canopy, often reaching 15-18 meters. The flowers are small, pinkish, and fragrant and are usually in loose clusters. Mangoes are native to South Asia, from where the “common mango” or “Indian mango”, Mangifera indica, has been distributed worldwide to become one of the most widely cultivated fruits in the tropics. The mango tree is considered indigenous to eastern Asia, Myanmar (Burma), and Assam state of India.

Health Benefits:

  1. Prevents Cancer – the antioxidant compounds found in mangoes protect against colon, breast, leukemia, and prostate cancers.
  2. Reduces Cholesterol – high levels of fiber, pectin, and vitamin C help lower cholesterol levels.
  3. Clears the Skin – mangoes can help to clear clogged pores and eliminate pimples
  4. Improves Eye Health – high levels of vitamin A promotes good eyesight and prevents night blindness and dry eyes.
  5. Alkalizes the Body – tartaric acid, malic acid, and small amounts of citric acid are found in mangoes.
  6. May Help with Diabetes – mango leaves help normalize insulin levels in the blood.
  7. Promotes Healthy Sex – a balanced amount of vitamin E is said to increase sex drive.
  8. Improves Digestion – mangoes contain enzymes that break down protein as well as fiber that aids in digestion.
  9. Helps Fight Heat Stroke – green mango juice can be used to cool down the body.
  10. Boosts the Immune System – High amounts of vitamins A and C keep your immune system healthy and strong.

Fun Facts:

  • Mangoes are the national fruit of India, and are considered sacred – they believe it is a symbol of love and that they can even grant wishes. They are also the national fruit of Pakistan and the national tree of Bangladesh
  • More fresh mangoes are eaten around the world every day than any other fruit
  • It is believed that Buddha meditated under the cool shade of a mango tree

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mango

https://plantvillage.psu.edu/topics/mango/infos

https://www.britannica.com/plant/mango-plant-and-fruit

https://www.care2.com/greenliving/10-health-benefits-of-mangos.html