Scientific Name: Zea mays

Bahasa Indonesia: Jagung

Batak: Jagung

Basic Information: Maize, also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits. Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. However, little of this maize is consumed directly by humans: most is used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup.

Health Benefits:

  1. Prevents Hemorrhoids – The fiber content of one cup of corn amounts to 18.4% of the daily recommended amount. This aids in alleviating digestive problems such as constipation and hemorrhoids, as well as lowering the risk of colon cancer due to corn being a whole-grain.
  2. Promotes Growth – Corn is rich in vitamin B constituents, especially thiamin and niacin. [4] Thiamin is essential for maintaining nerve health and cognitive function.
  3. Weight Gain – Corn, especially the yellow variety, is a rich source of calories and is a staple in many places.
  4. Provides Essential Minerals – Phosphorus, along with magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron, and copper are some of the essential nutrients that are found in all varieties of corn.
  5. Protects Your Heart – According to research, corn oil has been shown to have an anti-atherogenic effect on cholesterol levels, thus reducing the risk of various cardiovascular diseases.
  6. Prevents Anemia – Corn helps prevent anemia caused by a deficiency of vitamins and minerals. It also contains iron, which is one of the essential minerals needed to form new red blood cells.
  7. Lowers LDL Cholesterol – Consumption of corn husk oil lowers plasma LDL or bad cholesterol by reducing cholesterol absorption in the body.
  8. Eye & Skin Care – Yellow corn is a rich source of beta-carotene, which forms vitamin A in the body and is essential for the maintenance of good vision and skin. 
  9. Controls Diabetes – Studies have shown that consumption of whole grains is related to a decreased risk in the development of type 2 diabetes.
  10. Cosmetic Benefits – Cornstarch is used in the manufacturing of many cosmetic products and may also be applied topically to soothe skin rashes and irritation.

Fun Facts:

  • Corn was first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
  • Native Americans taught European colonists to grow the indigenous grains, and, since its introduction into Europe by Christopher Columbus and other explorers, corn has spread to all areas of the world suitable to its cultivation.
  • It has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with total production surpassing that of wheat or rice.