Scientific Name: Coriandrum Sativum
Bahasa Indonesia: Ketumbar
Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual herb in the family Apiaceae. It is also known as Chinese parsley, and the stems and leaves are usually called cilantro in North America. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds (as a spice) are the parts most traditionally used in cooking. Coriander is native to regions spanning from southern Europe and northern Africa to southwestern Asia. It is a soft plant growing to 50 cm tall with white or very pale pink flowers and the fruit produced is an oval shape with a yellow-brown color containing two seeds.
- Reduces Skin Inflammation – Coriander produces antirheumatic and antiarthritic properties that help reduce swelling.
- Relieves Skin Disorders – the properties of Coriander are ideal for clearing up eczema, dry skin, and fungal infections.
- Reduces Cholesterol – the acids present in coriander are very effective in lowering cholesterol levels in the blood.
- Treats Diarrhea – some essential oils found aid in digestion, proper liver function, and bonding of bowels.
- Regulates Blood Pressure
- Treats Mouth Ulcers – citronellol, which is found in coriander, is a great antiseptic. Other components have healing effects to help mouth wounds or ulcers.
- Reduces Effects of Allergies – strong antihistamine properties can reduce the effects of seasonal allergies and hay fever.
- Protects from Salmonella – high levels of dodecenal is twice as powerful an antibiotic to treat salmonella based illnesses.
- Improves Bone Health – coriander is a rich source of calcium and other minerals, which help with bone regrowth and durability.
- Aids in Digestion – high levels of essential oils stimulate digestion.
- Treats Smallpox and Conjunctivitis – the presence of vitamin C and iron strengthen the immune system, and the disinfectant properties protect against contagious diseases.
- Prevents Menstrual Disorders – regulates proper secretion from the endocrine glands.
- Improves Eye Health – antioxidants and minerals found in coriander can prevent vision disorders, macular degeneration, and it can reduce strain and stress on the eyes.
- Controls Diabetes – the stimulating effects of coriander can help lower the chances of dangerous spikes and drops in blood sugar levels.
- Most people perceive the taste of coriander leaves as a tart, lemon/lime taste, but a smaller group of about 4–14% of people tested think the leaves taste like dish soap, linked to a gene, which detects some specific aldehydes that are also used as odorant substances in many soaps and detergents
- Its name comes from the Greek word koris, meaning a stink bug.
- Seventeenth century Frenchmen used distilled coriander to make a type of liquor.